south

south (south)
n.
1. Abbr. S a) The direction along a meridian 90° clockwise from east; the direction to the right of sunrise. b) The cardinal point on the mariner's compass 180° clockwise from due north and directly opposite north.
2. An area or region lying in the south.
3. often South a) The southern part of the earth. b) The set of developing nations of the world, largely located to the south of the developed nations of the Northern Hemisphere. c) The southern part of a region or country.
4. South The southern part of the United States, especially the states that fought for the Confederacy in the Civil War.
adj. 1) To, toward, of, facing, or in the south. 2) Originating in or coming from the south: »

a hot south wind.

adv. 1) In, from, or toward the south. 2) Slang Into a worse or inferior condition, as of decreased value: »

a stock that went south shortly after he bought it.

»

"If a life could be redeemed in a moment, it could go south just as fast"

(Roy Parvin).
[Middle English, from Old English sūth; see sāwel-.]
Word History: When observed from the ground in the Northern Hemisphere, the path that the sun travels in the daytime lies generally in the southern half of the sky. For this reason, the sunny side of a hill or a house in the Northern Hemisphere is the south side, and this fact about the sun is reflected in the origin of the English word "south" itself. "South" in Old English was sūth, which developed from an earlier *sunth. (As Old English developed from its Germanic ancestor, an *n within a word was dropped before the sound *th, and the preceding vowel was lengthened in compensation.) The form *sunth developed from a still earlier Germanic *sunthaz, literally meaning something like "sunny, besunned," and the first element in this word, *sun-, means "sun." The same element can also still be found in Modern English sun, from Old English sunne. As the first word in compounds, Old English sūth, "south," was subject to shortening, and it shows up in Modern English pronounced (sŭ). This is seen in place names like Suffolk (where the "south folk" were; compare Norfolk), Sutton, "south town," and Sussex, the location of the "South Saxons" (whose eastern and western cousins were located in Essex and Wessex, respectively).

Word Histories. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • south — south; south·amp·ton; south·cot·ti·an; south·east·er; south·east·ern; south·east·ern·er; south·east·ern·most; south·east·ward·ly; south·east·wards; south·end; south·er·li·ness; south·er·most; south·ern·er; south·ern·ism; south·ern·ize;… …   English syllables

  • South — is one of cardinal directions and is opposite to the north. By Western convention, the bottom side of a map is south; the southern direction has azimuth or bearing of 180°.True south is the direction towards the southern end of the axis about… …   Wikipedia

  • south — [south] n. [ME < OE suth, akin to OHG sund , ON suthr < Gmc * suntha (understood as sun side < IE * sun ,SUN1), prob. < * swintha , strong, SOUND2, to the right side, in reference to the east facing position during prayer] 1. the… …   English World dictionary

  • South — South, a. Lying toward the south; situated at the south, or in a southern direction from the point of observation or reckoning; proceeding toward the south, or coming from the south; blowing from the south; southern; as, the south pole. At the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • South C — is a middle class residential estate located in the southland area of Nairobi.It lies next to Wilson Airport and is also bordered with South B Langata estate. Close to its outskirt surrounding near langata estate, lies the famous kibera slums.… …   Wikipedia

  • South — ist der Name einer Rock Band, siehe South (Band) der Titel mehrerer Filme, unter anderem South (2009), ein österreichischer Spielfilm der Regisseure Gerhard Fillei und Joachim Krenn aus dem Jahr 2009 eine Region in Kamerun (englische Bezeichnung) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • south — O.E. suð southward, in the south, from P.Gmc. *sunthaz (Cf. O.S., O.Fris. suth southward, in the south, M.Du. suut), perhaps related to base of *sunnon sun, with sense of the region of the sun. Ger. Süd, Süden are from a Dutch pronunciation. O.Fr …   Etymology dictionary

  • south|er|ly — «SUHTH uhr lee», adjective, adverb, noun, plural lies. –adj. 1. toward the south: »a southerly exposure. 2. coming from the south: »a southerly wind. 3. of the south. –adv. 1. toward the south; southward: » …   Useful english dictionary

  • South — (?; by sailors sou), n. [OE. south, su[thorn], AS. s[=u][eth] for sun[eth]; akin to D. zuid, OHG. sund, G. s[ u]d, s[ u]den, Icel. su[eth]r, sunnr, Dan. syd, s[ o]nden, Sw. syd, s[ o]der, sunnan; all probably akin to E. sun, meaning, the side… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • South — the South a) the southeastern states of the US, used especially when talking about politics or history. When people in the US talk about the South, they mean the states that were originally part of the ↑Confederacy during the Civil War. The… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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